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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Goddard Space Flight Center

Astrophysics Science Division | Sciences and Exploration

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SIGMA / Granat

The SIGMA telescope is the main payload of the Soviet Granat satellite which is entirely devoted to high-energy astronomy and was launched in 1989. The instrument weighs about a metric ton and measures 1.2 m diameter at the base by 3.5 m height. SIGMA consists mainly of a coded mask, a position sensitive detector, various active and passive shielding devices needed to isotate it from background.

The coded mask is a pattern of gamma photon absorbing elements. It is made of squares of tungsten arranged in a pseudo-random pattern. These elements are bonded to a heneycomb plate that supports and stiffens the assembly without hindering the transparancy of the holes in the energy range being studied.

Characteristics of SIGMA
Detector type 61 hexagonal PMT + NaI(Tl) scintilator Detector area 794 cm**2 Active detector area 540 cm**2 Distance Aperture-Detector 2.5 m Field of View (FCFOV) 4.3 X 4.7 sq. degrees Aperture element size 9.4 X 9.4 mm**2 (49 X 53 elements) Angular Resolution (FWHM), on-axis 13 arcmin Active photon energy range 30-1500 keV Photon energy resolution (FWHM) 8% at 511 keV SIGMA is a collaboration between Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (Toulouse, France), Centre d'Etudes Nucleaire de Saclay (Saclay, France) and the Space Research Institute at Moscow (Russia).

For more info, see J. Paul, Advances in Space Research, Volume 11, p (8)289 (1991) or the SIGMA html page at IKI.

CAI home icon Go to general Coded Aperture Imaging page

These pages have been compiled by Jean in 't Zand. They are intended to provide general information for those interested in coded aperture imaging. Any citations should reference original papers as noted in the bibliography, and requests for further information about any of the papers should be directed to the authors thereof.

October 17, 1995